What’s In Your Apple iPhone

What’s In Your Apple iPhone

The design of every new iPhone starts
here at Apple’s headquarters in Cupertino, California by a team of
industrial designers. But the resources needed to make this design a reality
come from all over the world. Apple largely depends on outside
manufacturers to produce ready-made components for its devices. The company’s
supply chain is incredibly complex and far-reaching. Apple works with suppliers
in 43 countries and 6 continents to make all of its products but tracing the
origin of even a single component is tricky. Take the A12 chips in the newest iPhones for instance. Jim Morrison, Vice President of Technical Intelligence at Tech Insights, told CNBC “In the Apple A12 Apple designed the chip. There is an
Apple logo on the packaging. Apple is headquartered in California. Apple
outsources chip fabrication to TSMC in Taiwan. Packaging and final tests of A12
may be done by Amkor in the Philippines. The A12 is then assembled into the
iPhone by Foxconn and China or Pegatron in Taiwan. So which is the country of
origin? For the Apple A12, we recognize it as a USA component because Apple’s name
is on the chip and Apple is a california-based company. Each year, Apple
publishes a broad list of suppliers but the company does not specify which
components come from which manufacturers and they will often use more than one
supplier for a part on the same model. One way to get a glimpse into Apple’s
supply chain has been through tear downs. A recent tear down by repair firm iFixit shows that Apple’s iPhone 10S used SDRAM memory from Micron. Another
teardown by Tech Insights, a firm that dissects devices in analyzes the parts
inside, also found SDRAM from Micron but also from SK Hynix and Samsung. The
outside of the phone is protected by Gorilla Glass made at Corning’s Kentucky
Factory. But when you break each component inside of the phone down into its raw materials, an even more vast global production line appears. Modern engineered materials are much more complex they were in the past. There are something like 80 or 82 elements from
the periodic table of elements the materials engineers have at their disposal when designing modern products like a smartphone. The typical smartphone uses somewhere between 60 and 70 of those 80 or so elements from the
periodic table of elements. For example, Indium, Tin and Oxygen are used to make a thin electric film on top of the screen which gives it its touch capabilities.
The raw materials that make up your iPhone come from almost every continent.
A phone’s processor is mainly made of Silicon but it also uses Phosphorus,
Antimony, Arsenic, Boron, Indium and Gallium to give it better electrical properties. Meanwhile, the electrical connections that carry all the data are made of Gold, Silver and Copper. Tantalum is also used for the micro capacitators that regulate electricity flow. Apple does not disclose exactly where its
elements were mined because such information is extremely difficult to
track but data from the U.S. Geological Survey gives us an idea since it tracks
yearly element production by country. Four minerals that Apple does closely track our Tin, Tungsten, Gold and Tantalum, which are known as conflict mineral. The U.S. government has determined that the mining and trade of these minerals has helped to finance armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and surrounding regions and contributed to a humanitarian crisis. Leonardo DiCaprio taught us about blood diamonds but there’s blood metals that are that are in our smartphones because they contribute to internal violence in unstable States. In 2010, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Act, which requires all
companies publicly traded in the U.S. to report the source of their conflict
minerals. Apple has complied. The company now maps its supply chain for Tin, Tungsten, Gold, Tantalum, and Cobalt and requires all of its smelters and refiners to participate in third party audits to
ensure humane extraction of the minerals. Another set of really important minerals
needed to make your phone are what are known as rare earth metals. The term rare
earths refers to 17 chemically similar elements and rare earths are quite
distinct among themselves within that family but one of the characteristics
that they do all share are these fantastic magnetic and conductive
properties. Ytrium, Europium, Terbium and Gadolinium produced the brilliant colors of a phone screen and Praseodymium and Neodymium are used for the magnets in the speaker and to help your phone vibrate. (iPhone chimes) China is by far the largest producer of rare earth metals. China produces somewhere between 80 and 85% current global supply of rare earth elements. But mining these elements can be challenging and taxing on the environment. What happens is frequently,
you have a coincidence of rare earth elements and other radioactive materials
and what this does is it creates alongside your mining operation a
radioactive waste management problem. Apple has launched a number of programs aimed at reducing its environmental footprint. The company has two working robotic phone dissectors, named Daisy, that are each able to extract 93 kilograms of Tungsten, 42 kilograms of Tin, 1.8 kilograms of Tantalum and .97 kilograms of Gold for every 100,000 iPhone devices. Last year, Apple even made
a commitment to one day use only recycled materials in its products. We
hope to one day eliminate our need to mine new materials from the earth. Now as you can imagine this is a massive effort. Apple is already making headway the
company now uses 100% recycled Tin in the logic boards of its newest iPhones.
We really need to learn to see the materiality involved in these technologies. ‘Cause it’s not something that you’ll just notice by interacting
with this technology. It really takes, you know, education and thinking through the
very real implications of the decisions we make buying every new device in technology. Apple’s sold its two billionth iOS device this year and though it’s hard to
pinpoint exactly where every component of an iPhone comes from, one thing is for
certain. It’s the result of an incredibly complex supply chain and raw materials
that are Ridge innate from all over the planet. It’s a process that transforms
the most basic elements into one of the most advanced pieces of technology that
fits in the palm of our hands.

100 thoughts on “What’s In Your Apple iPhone

  1. 100% recycled aluminum in all MacBook Airs and 100% recycled tin in all iPhones this year, 100% renewable energy in all Apple stores and facilities, and commitment for 100% of all products being completely recycled by 2030, now this is a company I’d like to buy products from, sustainability is the only way we can operate on this planet without harming it, and we as a species have reached a point where we can stop mining anything from earth and start focusing on renewing what we already have, we’d be fine this way

  2. Apple wants to build iphones from recycled parts? I bet they still won't decrease their prices. Though, they might increase it.

  3. Stop focusing on Apple all the time. What about Android phones? The problem with iOS is that Apple limits it to just it's phone as they don't give their OS to manufactures the way Google does with Android. So, you don't have a choice of hardware the way you do with Android.

  4. Better see one fr samsung now

    Edit: tf is the point of showing this wen we got tech youtubers who do this like jerryrigeverything

  5. I'm on the 15th second mark, as I type this. First impression: "are they taking about gold, copper, etc that are being mined and the children labours? This might be interesting"

  6. I do not know why they say complex supply chain. Apple just buys end components. Their manufacturers have complex supply chains.

  7. Bla bla bla, other phone has it,
    some better spec
    but most other brand has better pricing which gives more value.
    than just Mega Brand.
    this is Apple Downfalls

  8. Buy Sears jcp papa Murphy's stocks kmart will find the people to protect kmart and sears JCP papa Murphy's rad kona and the other 400 stocks ignored

  9. 3:47 that's a clip from Kibera slums-Kenya during the post election violence, nothing related to conflict minerals at all!

  10. If you run out of resources to extract meterials from it, then you have to recycle those used meterials from old products instead.

  11. Apple has held billions back in taxes while also selling out American workers. Apple like Microsoft & google sell Americans products that are made with sweat shop workers, but don’t worry democrats & media like tech companies don’t give a crap . Think about it Apple has the power to lift poor ran down cities in America out of poverty but they won’t due this . Follow the money democrats are hypocrites along with tech companies & media they don’t practice what they preach. Instead tech companies give billions to democrats who in turn continue to run a city with no job creation at the cost of the poorest residents. Democrats like lthis cause then poor people have to turn to them like they are god , so they can have food & shelter through government intervention.

  12. If that's how they produce phone, they should make customers giving away or charity the phone back to producers to be recycle and reproduce into the advanced one, so the resources will not exploited dry and they can save money from mining costs. It's not about money they can survive, it's the natural resources they can live.

  13. Have been obsessed with smartphones ever since I’ve seen one for the first time, I love this ! Thank you so much for this video!

  14. Dear CNBC
    Who ever open that iPhone 6 sucks
    You can tell they were struggling to remove the the battery (you can tell by looking at the ripped peaces on the housing)that white adhesive can easily be pulled off with little force leaving the battery intact

  15. You.ever stabe your smart phone Apple and cut out these 7 or six sheets out the phone they didn't tell you about one sheet made my hand have more than 8 refechions one sheet made the city look like rainbows another at night showed me.lines off light in a carak the time thing after I get all camras seen w2 to now.when I get all the sets off sheets that art brout up cut the FIRST LARER OFF GLASS AND.THE SHEETS WILL.BE FOUND IN THE WITE PHONE AT DOLLER GENRAL IT ALL HAS SOMETHING TO DO WITH Light reflechion a see throw glass door one side you can see code word your sole the refechion throw the light but only on one side and there's something with shadows but it's all really about light did u know if u drop one off those sheets not saying on the ground u can't see it from one side off it when your circling the more plastick see throw sheet now idk now I'm not close at all but I learnd a hole lota rocks I need and IN a use the other ones and ive been thinking about making wires with things like diamonds and rubys and emralds and those things geem stones well all of them just to see what dose what but those rocks thow how can I aford those the green one is interesting cause I still don't under stand why one side I seen the hole city looking like a rain boy ilushan and the REFLECHION OFF CARS HURT MY HEAD THE NEXT DAY IM GROWING TIRED .

  16. Can I ask what's 10q is ever serkit bord has a math problem on it and some things well most dont make seenc to me

  17. So my name's aj I live on north grand a said my address online alot and I looked throw these sheets in my iPhone I cut the glass out off and they were like plastic sheets and see throw glass and car reflections hurt my eye and it makes my her hurt some time and irk is that on the box not to look throw those CUSE my eys hurt

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